ELIZABETH CHARLOTTE (LISELOTTE), DOWAGER DUCHESS OF
ST URBAIN, Ferdinand de: Lorraine, ca.1730, Bronze, 56 mm
Obv: Bust of Liselotte (l) ELIZ. CAR. PALAT. RHENI. D. AVREL. MATER. FELICIT. PVBLICAE
Rev: Female standing FECUNDITAS. CONSERVATRIX.
Ref: Forrer V, p. 310, #11
This medal is similar to medal # BW634 except the
reverse is inverted.
Elizabeth Charlotte von der Pfalz (Elizabeth Charlotte of Bavaria) (Liselotte) (1652––1722),
Duchess of Orleans, was a German princess, called the Princess Palatine.
The Palatinate, an historically important area in central Europe that
includes land surrounding the Rhine, has been fought over for centuries.
It is governed by an Elector Palatine.
Elizabeth Charlotte was the second
wife of Louis XIV’s brother, Philip I, Duke of Orleans (his first wife,
Henrietta, sister of Charles II of England, ended with her death by poison
in 1670, presumably on order of her husband Philip),
the mother of Philip II d’Orléans, regent to King Louis XV, and the sister of
Charles, the Elector Palatine of the Rhine. As Charles had died without
heirs in 1685, he had been succeeded as Elector Palatine by the head of
the Zweibrucken line, Philip William of Neuberg, the father-in-law of the
Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold I, with whom Louis was at war. As this
strengthened his adversary’s position, Louis decided to claim that some
part of the Palatine succession ought to have gone to Charles’ sister,
and Louis’ sister-in-law, Liselotte. Though the duchess herself did not insist on her rights to this land, Louis decided to enforce
the claim. In 1688, Louis issued a manifesto setting forth the French
demands, and shortly thereafter, a French army under the command of the
dauphin (Louis XIV’s eldest son) advanced into and devastated the
Palatinate. This contributed to the onset of the War of the Grand
Alliance, which pitted an alliance of England, Holland and the Holy Roman
Empire against France. This war lasted from 1689 to 1697 and, with no
clear victor, ended with the Treaty of Ryswick.
Liselotte wrote many frank and vigorous letters which
provide a valuable insight into the social history of her time.
of Elizabeth Charlotte (from Arcamax.com)
LINK to War
of the Grand Alliance (from Infoplease)
Link to War
of the Grand Alliance (from KMLA)
LINK to Treaty
of Ryswick (from Wikipedia)